Do you know the different seabirds? (2023)

Do you know the different seabirds? (1)

Seabirds are also called "pelagic" or seabirds. They live in the ocean, most of them eat fish, crustaceans, molluscs or aquatic plants. They typically have dense, waterproof feathers and layers of fat to keep them warm. A unique feature of seabirds is that they have desalination filters in their beaks that can remove salt from the water they drink. Some are webbed or partially webbed for swimming, fishing from shallow water, or making precise, deep dives. In general, seabirds live longer than other wild birds; Most have a half-life of 50 years.


Bird watchers can usually find seabirds stalking after theirs along the cliff-lined rocky shorelinesannual move. Almost all seabirds live in colonies, migrate annually and mate for life.

Here are 14 common species of seabirds to look out for to make shorebird spotting even more special.

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (2)

    Albatrosses are enormouspelagic birds. They are among the largest flying birds in the world, with a mammoth wingspan and long, narrow wings that give them excellent lift for easy flight. Their large wingspan allows them to travel long distances, sometimes up to 10,000 miles in a single trip. Unlike many seabirds, albatrosses walk well on land too. There are 22 species of albatross in the world, all in theDiomedesFamily.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:Wingspan 6.5 to 11 feet

    Weight:13 to 28 pounds

    Physical Properties:Large wingspan for long distances; 5" to 7" spikes with hooks for fishing; large birds, about 4 feet tall; Colors vary widely with black tails, white body feathers, dark upper wings, or all dark body colors

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (3)

    There are many species of auks, such as guillemots, puffins, and guillemots. They all have compact bodies well adapted to northern seas and cooler waters. These birds tend to adopt an upright posture on the ground and can be clumsy when walking. Most have black and white plumage, and many have it as wellcolored banknotesor identifier. All auks are part of thealcidesbird family

    Summary of Species

    Largo:6 to 16 inches

    Weight:3 ounces to 2.2 pounds

    Physical Properties:Small to medium sized seabirds; wings short and narrow; short tails; Wide range of banknote shapes and sizes

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (4)

    Seven species of boobies are found in theSulidaeFamily. They get their name from their silly facial expressions and gullible behavior towards seafarers. These beautiful tropical boobies have brightly colored beaks and feet, including the famous blue-footed booby. They are larger, heavier birds that can seem clumsy in flight and on the ground, but they are excellent fliers and divers. You can often find them on buoys, cliffs or rocks. Fools prefer to eat anchovies, mackerel, sardines and squid.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:5 to 6 foot wingspan

    Weight:2 to 4 pounds

    Physical Properties:long bills; cigar-shaped bodies; with long, narrow, angular wings to fly high and plunge headfirst into the water in a rapid vertical drop

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (5)

    Also known as pirate birds or warbirds, frigatebirds are majestic fliers with long hooked beaks, pointed wings, and boldly forked tails. The male's red throat pouch is distinctive, as is this bird's high, soaring flight. The five types of frigates are among theThe frigateFamily and are large birds that can circle slowly and gracefully before diving to steal fish from other birds.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:7 to 8 foot wingspan

    Weight:2 to 4 pounds

    Physical Properties:Mainly black, with small webbed feet; adult males inflate red throat pouches to attract mates; Adult females have white markings on their undersides

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    Sturmvogel Gletscher

    Do you know the different seabirds? (6)

    Due to their stocky build and short tail, fulmars are a species of petrel that closely resemble gulls. They are opportunistic feeders and will seek out plenty of food, including scavenging or eatingAas. They have long tubular noses with distinctive beak structures for saltwater filtration. There are only two species of fulmars in theProcellariidaeFamily: the northern and southern fulmars.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:15 to 19 inches; 3 foot wingspan

    Weight:1 to 2 pounds

    Physical Properties:Fat, medium-sized seabird with a short neck, stocky body, large head, and long wings; the beak is strong and hooked, with two nostrils at the upper edge; wing color mainly gray with white underside, similar to large gulls; some are light gray to dark gray throughout

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (7)

    Boobies are large, stocky seabirds that appear a little lanky on land, but are great fliers and strong.dive fisherman. Closely related to gannets, they also belong to the group of gannetsSulidaeFamily. The three species of gannets (gannets, Cape gannets and Australasian gannets) look very similar. Sometimes species can only be distinguished by their habitat.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:36 to 43 inches; 6 foot wingspan

    Weight:5 to 7 pounds

    Physical Properties:Buff-colored heads, sharp beak, pointed tail, and long, slender wings with white plumage and black wingtips.

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (8)

    Guillemots are a species of auks that resemble penguins and have contrasting light and dark plumageSwim underwater to hunt fish. They have an upright posture and an awkward, wobbly gait on land. There are only two species of guillemots, the common guillemot and the thick-billed guillemot, both found in the northern oceans. These types come in thealcidesBird family, along with puffins and guillemots.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:15 to 17 inches; Span 24 to 29 inches

    Weight:1.7 to 2.8 pounds

    Physical Properties:Distinctive black and white appearance; thin, dark, pointed beak; small rounded dark tail; white face with a dark spur behind the eye

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (9)

    flightless birdsof thesouthern oceans, penguins are seabirds that specialize in theSpheniscidaeFamily well-equipped for cold waters with insulating plumage and blubber. They are impressive swimmers and havespecialized fins instead of feathered wings. However, despite their cold reputation, several species of penguins breed in tropical regions, such aslittle penguins. The 18 penguin species vary significantly in size and range, although several penguin species are physically similar.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:15 inches to 3.5 feet

    Weight:2 to 88 pounds

    Physical Properties:The body is streamlined, elongated, tapering at both ends for swimming; large head, short neck and elongated body; the tail is short, stiff and wedge-shaped; Swimming legs and feet are set far back on the body

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (10)

    Petrels are small seabirds distinguished by their elongated tubular nostrils and low, undulating flight. They often stay so close to the water that it seems as if they are walking on its surface. Like many seabirds, petrels stay at sea for most of their lives, only returning to land to breed. The term "petrel" is found in several scientific families; true petrels, however, are generally regarded as part of theProcellariidaeFamily.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:31 to 37 inches; Wingspan 5 to 7 feet

    Weight:6 to 11 pounds

    Physical Properties:Blue-grey or darker and white in colour; Legs and feet of Blue Petrels are bright blue; tail slightly forked; long thin wings

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (11)

    puffinThey are large auks with broad, colorful beaks and whimsical facial expressions, which is why they are often called sea clowns or sea parrots. They are strong swimmers and nest in large onesBrutcolons, typically on offshore islands or isolated north coasts. You have an upright posture on the ground; Its wing beats are fast and its trajectory is direct during flight. There are only three species of puffins, horned, Atlantic and tufted, all in thealcidesbird family

    Summary of Species

    Largo:11 to 15 inches; Wing span 20 to 25 inches

    Weight:13 ounces to 1.7 pounds

    Physical Properties:Small, stalking diver; black on back and white on chest and abdomen; webs bright orange; white face and cheeks; large, triangular, bright red and yellow beak resembling a parrot

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    scissor them

    Do you know the different seabirds? (12)

    Shearwaters belong to the Procellariidae family.scissor themThey are long-winged small petrels that specialize in low gliding flight. Their wingtips can skim the waves and "cut through the water" as they fly, giving these birds their family name. There are more than 35 species of shearwaters with a variety of sizes. They can be found all over the world but often stay offshore. When feeding conditions are ideal,gather in large groups, especially where oceanic upwelling pulls prey such as fish, plankton, and squid close to the surface.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:15 to 25 inches; Wing span 24 to 30 inches

    Weight:1.5 to 2.2 pounds

    Physical Properties:medium size; dark coloring; Tubular nose ending in a sharp, slender, hooked beak

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (13)

    Unlike many seabirds, tropical birds are primarily white in color.plumageand are easily recognized by their long tail feathers. They have short legs and are shallow divers when hunting. There are only three species of tropical birds, which are the only members of theFaethontidaeFamily: the red-billed tropicbird, the white-tailed tropicbird, and the red-tailed tropicbird.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:29 to 40 inches; Wing span 37 to 44 inches

    Weight:10 to 25 ounces

    Physical Properties:Mostly white feathers, sometimes with some pink; black spots on wings; black spots on the eyes; speckled feathers on the back

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (14)

    seagulls inLaridaefamily are commonly referred to as gulls; There are 54 species of gulls. They are closely related toterns and distantly related toauks. Gulls are typically medium to large sized birds that are intelligent and use loud calls or croaks to communicate. Most gulls are monogamous ground-nesting carnivores that enjoy eating crustaceans, mollusks, fish, and small birds, and opportunistically feed on litter. Gulls have suspended jaws that allow them to eat larger prey. Most gull species are migratory, with the birds migrating to warmer habitats in winter.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:11 to 31 inches; Span 24 to 65 inches

    Weight:4 ounces to 4 pounds

    Physical Properties:Usually gray or white, often with black markings on head or wings; bills thick and elongated; networked feet

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    Do you know the different seabirds? (15)

    Terns are seabirds in theSternidenFamily, formerly part of the GullsLaridaeFamily. There are 40 species of terns and all are slender, lightly built birds. The arctic tern migrates farther than any other bird on the planet, traveling from pole to pole, breeding on the shores of the Arctic Ocean in northern summer and migrating to the southern hemisphere in southern summer. North American arctic terns fly about 25,000 miles per year year-round. Most other tern species travel long distances between breeding and non-breeding seasons.

    Summary of Species

    Largo:17 to 20 inches; Wing span 14 to 15 inches

    Weight:13.8 to 15.2 ounces

    Physical Properties:Long, forked tails; narrow wings; bill long, legs relatively short; light gray above, white below, with a contrasting black cap

14 species of seabirds for bird watchers

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